The AIF Project

Fred Stephen GOWER

Regimental number1690
Place of birthSydney, New South Wales
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationLabourer
Address19 Calder Road, Redfern, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation19
Height5' 8.25"
Weight136 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs A Gower, 19 Calder Road, Redfern, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed for 1 year in the Australian Garrison Artillery
Enlistment date17 May 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll21 May 1915
Place of enlistmentLiverpool, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name18th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/35/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A61 Kanowna on 19 June 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll18th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 22 August 1915
Miscellaneous details (Nominal Roll)*Stated to be Frederick Stephen Gower on NR
Age at death from cemetery records19
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 61), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
85
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Stephen and Margaret GOWER, 19 Calder Road, Redfern, New South Wales
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 16 August 1915.

Wounded in action, Gallipoli, 22 August 1915; posted missing as Bn received no further information, 10 December 1915.

Court of Inquiry held in the field, 6 April 1916, pronounced fate 'killed in action, Gallipoli, 22 August 1915'.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, GOWER Fred Stephen

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