The AIF Project

Wilfred Emmott ADDISON

Date of birth28 March 1887
Place of birthYass, New South Wales
SchoolSingleton Grammar School, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationBank accountant
Address2 Marathon Avenue, Darling Point, Edgecliffe, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Next of kinFather, Glentworth Addison, 2 Marathon Avenue, Darling Point, Edgecliffe, Sydney, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed in 25th Infantry Regiment (Scottish Rifles) Sydney, New South Wales.
Enlistment date23 December 1914
Rank on enlistment2nd Lieutenant
Unit name18th Battalion, D Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/35/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A40 Ceramic on 25 June 1915
Rank from Nominal Roll2nd Lieutenant
Unit from Nominal Roll18th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 22 August 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death28
Age at death from cemetery records28
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 59), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
84
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Glentworth and Harriet Binning ADDISON, 'Emmott', Castle Hill Road, Baulkham Hills, New South Wales
Family/military connectionsFour uncles and several cousins saw active service with the AIF.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterraneanm Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 16 August 1915.

Killed in action, 22 August 1915.

Statement, Red Cross File No 00303039, 145 Sergeant R.A. SEWELL, 18th Bn (patient, Luna Park Hospital, Heliopolis, Cairo), 26 December 1915: 'Fell during the charge at Hill 60 on the 22nd August. Informant saw the body lying out between the trenches for some time. There were thousands of bodies lying between the trenches and the Turks set fire to the gorse to burn the bodies and rid the place of the fearful stench which was almost unbearable and informant believes Addison's body was burnt.'

Second statement, 1403 Pte F.H. HOBDEN, 18th Bn (patient, Ghain Tuffieha, Malta), 14 December 1915: 'He was platoon commander of witness' platoon. Pte Preston of same platoon informed witness that Lieut. Addison was shot (on August 22nd when attacking the Turkish trenches) through the face by machine gun near Hill 60 a week before this Hill was captured ... Preston said he was beside Lieut. Addison at the time.'

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, ADDISON Wilfred Emmott
Red Cross File No 00303039

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