The AIF Project

Peter HENDERSON

Regimental number491
Place of birthAlbury, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationHorse driver
Address94 Excelsior Street, Leichhardt, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation31
Height5' 9.5"
Weight177 lbs
Next of kinFather, George Henderson, Beechworth, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date28 August 1914
Place of enlistmentToowoomba, Queensland
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name9th Battalion, D Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/26/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board Transport A5 Omrah on 24 September 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll9th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 2 May 1915
Date of death2 May 1915
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 31), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked Brisbane, 24 September 1914.

Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 2 March 1915.

Killed in action, Gallipoli, 2 May 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, HENDERSON Peter

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