|Place of birth||Sutton Cold Fields, Staffordshire, England|
|Age at embarkation||44|
|Next of kin||Separated Wife, Mrs Eunice Higgs, 148 Gillies Street, Adelaide, South Australia|
|Previous military service||Served for 3 years in the South Staffordshire Volunteer Battalion|
|Place of enlistment||Adelaide, South Australia|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||12th Battalion, 1st Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/29/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A32 Themistocles on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||12th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Date of death|
|Age at death from cemetery records||45|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 35), Gallipoli, Turkey
The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.
The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.
The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: John and Hannah HIGGS; husband of E. HIGGS, 148 Gillies Street, Adelaide, South Australia. Native of Sutton Goldfield, England|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli
Embarked Sydney, 22 December 1914.
Embarked Alexandria to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 2 March 1915.
Reported missing, Gallipoli, 25-28 April 1915.
Court of Inquiry held in the field, 5 June 1916, pronounced fate as 'killed in action, Gallipoli, 25 April 1915'.
Various accounts of Higgs' death were forthcoming. 582 Pte Charles G. Wightman, 12th Bn, stated, 2 May 1915: 'Informant states that on the old firing line, behind Tasmania post, Gallipoli, Higgs was killed by a bullet wound in the forehead. A. Farnell, 12th Bn, who told informant, was close to Higgs in the trench. A few hours after Farnell was himself hit and has been wounded since. His home is in Tasmania. Informant states that it is "generally" said Higgs was killed.' 1116 Pte H. Pearse, 12th Bn, stated, 2 May 1915: 'Witness said he is certain that Higgs was reported to Capt Rafferty as killed on the 2nd day after the landing. This fact was read at the first roll call on the Thursday of the first week when the first roll call was taken. Higgs and witness were in the same reinforcements and knew one another very well. Higgs was a tall man, he had once been a constable in Adelaide.' Further evidence from 561 Driver W.H. Chapman, 12th Bn, was disregarded as unreliable 'as Chapman arrived at Peninsula in August' (Base Records to DAAC, 4th Military District, 8 February 1916).
Wife (Mrs Eunice Higgs: entered as next of kin Q but separated Q on Attestation Form: 'Address of wife unknown') subsequently established a claim to his estate.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, HIGGS John|