The AIF Project

Arthur Dallas BARNIER

Regimental number3472
Place of birthSydney, New South Wales
SchoolPetersham State School, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationWharf labourer
AddressBondi, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation26
Next of kinFather, A H Barnier, O'Brien Street, Bondi, Sydney, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date29 September 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll29 September 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name20th Battalion, 8th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/37/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 20 December 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll56th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 28 September 1917
Place of death or woundingPolygon Wood, Belgium
Date of death28 September 1917
Age at death28
Age at death from cemetery records28
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 29), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
161
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Alfred Hatton and Eveline BARNIER, 'Clomantagh', O'Brien Street, Bondi, New South Wales. Native of Kingswood, New South Wales
Family/military connectionsBrother: [1663] Lt James Albert BARNIER MM, 17th Bn, effective abroad.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Taken on strength, 56th Bn, Ferry Post, Egypt, 20 April 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 19 June 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 29 June 1916.

Admitted to 14th Australian Field Ambulance, 26 September 1916 (furuncles of shoulder); rejoined unit, 13 October 1916.

Detached with 8th Field Company Engineers, 6 March 1917; rejoined unit from detachment. 27 March 1917. To England on leave, 25 July 1917; rejoined from leave, 8 August 1917.

Wounded and missing in action, 28 September 1917; Court of Enquiry held in the field, 17 June 1918, determined fate as killed in action, 'whilst on his way back to the dressing station, 28 September 1917'.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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