The AIF Project

Oscar Allan RAINBOW

Regimental number212
Place of birthDarlington, New South Wales
SchoolSydney High School, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationAccountant
AddressDay Street, Marrickville, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation24
Height5' 6.5"
Weight134 lbs
Next of kinFather, Wm Joseph Rainbow, Day Street, Marrickville, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed in Senior Cadets.
Enlistment date17 September 1914
Place of enlistmentSydney, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentCorporal
Unit name13th Battalion, B Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/30/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A38 Ulysses on 22 December 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll13th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 4 May 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Age at death25
Age at death from cemetery records25
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 36), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
70
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Paretns; William and Anniete RAINBOW. Native of Darlington, New South Wales
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Proceeded to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, 12 April 1915.

Killed in action, 4 May 1915.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, RAINBOW Oscar Allan

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