The AIF Project

Arthur RALSTON

Regimental number4278
Place of birthWollongong, New South Wales
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationLabourer
AddressFarley near Maitland, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Next of kinFather, J Ralston, Farley near Maitland, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date25 July 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name13th Battalion, 13th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/30/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 20 December 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll45th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 7 June 1917
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
140
Family/military connectionsBrother: 1461 Gunner Alfred RALSTON, 11th Field Artillery Brigade, returned to Australia, 24 January 1919.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Taken on strength, 45th Bn, Zeitoun, 6 March 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 2 June 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 8 June 1916.

Accidentally wounded, 10 August 1916 (bullet wound, 4th toe, left foot; no blame attached to Pte Ralston). Rejoined Bn, 23 September 1916.

Killed in action, 7 June 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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