|Place of birth||Dundee, Scotland|
|School||Rosebank School, Dundee, Scotland|
|Age on arrival in Australia||18|
|Address||14 Atchison Street, North Sydney, New South Wales|
|Age at embarkation||23|
|Next of kin||Mother, Mrs A Rattray, 58 Victoria Road, Dundee, Scotland|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||3rd Battalion, 13th Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/20/3|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||2nd Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Belgium|
|Age at death||23.11|
|Age at death from cemetery records||23|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 7), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: John and Ann RATTRAY, 58 Victoria Road, Dundee, Scotland|
War service: Egypt, Western Front
Taken on strength, 2nd Bn, Tel el Kebir, 14 February 1916.
Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 22 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 28 March 1916.
Wounded in action, 22 July 1916 (gun shot wound, right arm and back); transferred to England, 31 July 1916, and admitted to 1st Eastern General Hospital, Cambridge. Marched into No. 2 Command Depot, 31 August 1916.
Proceeded overseas to France, 14 October 1916; transferred to and taken on strength of 45th Bn, 29 October 1916; transferred to 2nd Bn, 2 December 1916.
Killed in action, Belgium, 20 September 1917.Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal