The AIF Project

Frederick RAWSON

Regimental number583
Place of birthWalhalla Victoria
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationLineman
AddressWest Devonport, Tasmania
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation36
Next of kinWife, Mrs Lillian Rawson, West Devonport, Tasmania
Enlistment date12 February 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name40th Battalion, C Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/57/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Hobart, Tasmania, on board HMAT A35 Berrima on 1 July 1916
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll40th Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Military Medal


'Conspicuous gallantry during operations south of Messines, 7 June 1917.'

FateKilled in Action 5 October 1917
Place of death or woundingYpres, Belgium
Age at death38
Age at death from cemetery records38
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 25), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
133
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents; George and Mary RAWSON; husband of Lillian RAWSON, Railton, Tasmania. Native of Gippsland, Victoria
Medals

Military Medal

'On the 7th June, 1917, during operations south of MESSINES for conspicuous gallantry in action. In company with 4 of his men he rushed an enemy strong point, and was successful in capturing a large number of prisoners. Throughout the whole operations he displayed the greatest of dash and determination.
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 219
Date: 20 December 1917

Family/military connectionsBrother in law: Sergeant John WALSH, 12th Bn [cannot be further identified]
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: Military Medal, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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