James Haining SINCLAIR

Regimental number2014
Place of birthDurham Terrace, Yatala, South Australia
SchoolLe Fevre Peninsula Public School, South Australia
Other trainingBook-keeping
OccupationBaker's carter
AddressCraigie Street, Birkenhead, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20
Next of kinMother, Mrs. Mary Sinclair, Craigie Street, Birkenhead, South Australia
Previous military serviceServed for 4 years in the School Cadets, 3 years in the Military Cadets and 3 years in the Naval Cadets and Reserve.
Enlistment date16 August 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name9th Light Horse Regiment, 14th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/14/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A69 Warilda on 10 February 1916
Rank from Nominal RollSapper
Unit from Nominal Roll5th Divisional Signal Company
FateKilled in Action 31 July 1917
Place of death or woundingYpres, Belgium
Age at death22
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 7), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Family/military connectionsBrother: 2225 Pte John Archibald Halliday SINCLAIR, 13th Field Artillery Brigade, returned to Australia, 13 February 1917; Cousins: Lt William Stewart McKAY, 50th Bn, killed in action (in France by a German Prisoner), 24 April 1918; 377 Pte Thomas Symington McKAY, 27th Bn, died of disease, 29 September 1915.~
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal