|Place of birth||New Southgate, Middlesex, England|
|Place of birth||Kent, England|
|School||Christ Church School, Ramsgate, England|
|Age on arrival in Australia||18|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Age at embarkation||22|
|Next of kin||Mother, Mrs Balfour Smith, 8 Delmere Villa, Ramsgate, Kent, England|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Place of enlistment||Brisbane, Queensland|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||25th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/42/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A9 Shropshire on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||58th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Zonnebeke, Belgium|
|Age at death||24|
|Age at death from cemetery records||24|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 31), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Henry and Maarinne SMITH, 44 Dumpton Park Road, Ramsgate, England. Native of New Southgate, London, England|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
Taken on strength, 25th Bn, Gallipoli, 8 December 1915. Disembarked Alexandria from Mudros, 9 January 1916 (general Gallipoli evacuation).
Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 14 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 19 March 1916.
Wounded in action, 5 August 1916 (gun shot wound, thigh); admitted to 26th General Hospital, 6 August 1916; transferred to England, 25 August 1916, and admitted to N. Evington Military Hospital, 26 August 1916. Proceeded overseas to France, 11 December 1916; rejoined unit, 23 December 1916.
Taken on strength, 7th Machine Gun Company, 11 February 1917.
On leave to England, 23 September 1917; rejoined unit from leave, 5 October 1917.
Killed in action, Belgium, 10 October 1917.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal