|Place of birth||Cowra, New South Wales|
|School||Public School, New South Wales|
|Address||Surry Hills, New South Wales|
|Age at embarkation||19|
|Next of kin||Mother, Mrs H C Smith, 408 Bourke Street, Surry Hills, Sydney, New South Wales|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Place of enlistment||Sydney, New South Wales|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||17th Battalion, 18th Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/34/4|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A29 Suevic on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||17th Battalion|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Zonnebeke, Belgium|
|Age at death||20|
|Age at death from cemetery records||20|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: George and Hannah SMITH, 61 Fitzroy Street, Surry Hills, New South Wales|
|Family/military connections||Brothers: 3886 Pte Arnold Joseph SMITH, 30th Bn, killed in action, 8 August 1918; 6362 Pte Ernest Joseph James SMITH, 17th Bn, returned to Australia, 30 January 1918.|
War service: Western Front
Embarked Sydney, 11 November 1916; disembarked Devonport, England, 30 January 1917, and marched in to 5th Training Bn, Rollestone. Proceeded overseas to France, 3 May 1917; joined 17th Bn, in the field, 9 May 1917.
Killed in action, Belgium, 9 October 1917.
Handwritten note on Form B103: 'Buried in the vicinity of Broodseinde Sheet 28 N.E.'Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, SMITH Claude Lester|