William Arthur TOURRIER

Regimental number1187
Place of birthSt Arnaud Victoria
ReligionChurch of England
Address240 Barkers Road, Hawthorn, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation30
Next of kinFather, Theodore John Tourrier, 240 Barkers Road, Hawthorn, Victoria
Enlistment date14 July 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name13th Light Horse Regiment, 6th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number10/18/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT SS Hawkes Bay on 26 October 1915
Regimental number from Nominal Roll1187A
Rank from Nominal RollLance Corporal
Unit from Nominal Roll22nd Battalion
FateDied of wounds 9 October 1917
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Theodore J. and Hannah L. TOURRIER. Native of St. Arnaud, Victoria

Military Medal

'For conspicuous gallantry in charge of a Lewis Gun during a bombing attack on an enemy strong post in the HINDENBURG Line on 3rd May, 1917. This N.C.O. is the sole survivor of his team and was severely wounded whilst working the gun single handed.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 189
Date: 8 November 1917

Family/military connectionsBrother: 7119 Corporal Theodore Lorenz TOURRIER, 8th Bn, returned to Australia, 4 January 1919.
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Transferred to Cyclists' Corps, 2nd Australian Division, Canal Zone, 14 March 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 19 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 30 March 1916.

Admitted to 7th Australian Field Ambulance, Fort Rompin, France, 14 April 1916 (tonsillitis); discharged to unit, 15 April 1916. Taken on strength, 1st Anzac Cyclists' Bn, 12 May 1916.

To hospital, 23 June 1916 (venereal disease); transferred to 9th Stationary Hospital, Havre, 27 June 1916; to 39th General Hospital, 29 June 1916; to 18th General Hospital, Camiers, 30 June 1916; discharged to Base Details, 14 July 1916; total period of treatment for venereal disease: 20 days.

Joined 22nd Bn from Cyclist Corps, 24 August 1916. Appointed Lance Corporal, 1 February 1917. Wounded in action, 3 May 1917 (gun shot wound, head); admitted to 8th General Hospital, Rouen, 4 May 1917; discharged to No. 2 Convalescent Depot, 5 May 1917; to No. 11 CD, Buchy, 8 May 1917; discharged, 22 May 1917; rejoined Bn, 21 June 1917.

Awarded Military Medal.

Wounded in action Belgium, 9 October 1917; subsequently reported wounded and missing; subsequently reported as 'died from wounds'.

Medals: Military Medal, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal