The AIF Project

John Charles Merriman TRAILL

Regimental number608
Date of birth24 June 1883
Place of birthKirkwell, Scotland
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationRancher
AddressGlenorchy, Stawell, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation34
Next of kinUncle, John Trew, Victoria Parade, Stawell, Victoria
Enlistment date18 August 1914
Rank on enlistmentCorporal
Unit name8th Battalion, Headquarters
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/25/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board Transport A24 Benalla on 19 October 1914
Regimental number from Nominal RollCommissioned
Rank from Nominal RollLieutenant-Colonel
Unit from Nominal Roll8th Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Mention in Despatches


Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette', Supplement, No. 29455 (28 January 1916); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 44 (6 April 1916).

Mention in Despatches


Awarded, and promulgated, 'London Gazette' No. 31448 (11 July 1919); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 124 (30 October 1919).

Mention in Despatches


Awarded, and gazetted, 'London Gazette', second Supplement, No. 30448 (28 December 1917); 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 57 (18 April 1918).

FateReturned to Australia 12 May 1919
Medals

Military Cross


Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 44
Date: 6 April 1916

Distinguished Service Order

'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in an attack. He took command of the whole line when another company commander became a casualty during the advance, and encouraged and inspired his men thoughout the attack by his splendid personal example. When the whole line was held up by direct fire from an enemy field gun he worked his way to a flank under heavy machine gun fire and attacked it single handed, killing five of the crew tih his revolver and capturing the gun, thus allowing the advance to continue. His splendid action not only saved many lives but relieved a very critical situation, and the success of the operations was undoubtedly largely due to his magnificent example.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 137
Date: 30 August 1918

Discharge date10 September 1919
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Commenced return to Australia on board HT 'Soudan', 12 May 1919; appointment terminated (discharged), 10 September 1919.

Medals: Military Cross, Distinguished Service Order, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Also served in World War II: died 12 June 1942, as V359798 Lt Colonel, HQ North East GP Victoria Line of Communication, Volunteer Defence Corps.
Miscellaneous detailsSurname incorrectly entered on Embarkation Roll as TRAIL.
Date of death12 June 1942 Wangaratta, Victoria
Age at death58
Place of burialWangaratta Cemetery, Victoria
SourcesNAA: B884, TRAILL John Charles Merriman

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