James Cameron BROOKS

Regimental number3462
Place of birthRichmond, New South Wales
SchoolDulwich Hill Superior Public School, New South Wales
Other trainingHurlestone Agricultural College, New South Wales
Address626 New Canterbury Road, Dulwich Hill, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Next of kinFather, A Brooks, 626 New Canterbury Road, Dulwich Hill, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed for 4 years in the Junior Cadets (from age 9.6); 3 years in the Senior Cadets (Compulsory Military Training scheme).
Enlistment date11 October 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name18th Battalion, 8th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/35/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 20 December 1915
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll18th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 4 October 1917
Place of death or woundingZonnebeke, Belgium
Age at death20
Age at death from cemetery records20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Adam and Mary BROOKS, 626 New Canterbury Road, Dulwich Hill, New South Wales
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Admitted to No. 4 Auxiliary Hospital, Heliopolis, 5 March 1916 (mumps); discharged, 15 March 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 18 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 25 March 1916.

Admitted to 7th Australian Field Ambulance, 28 April 1916 (gun shot wound, left arm); to 13th General Hospital, 10 May 1916 (trachoma); to England, 15 May 1916; to 1st Auxiliary Hospital, 31 May 1916; discharged to Training Depot, 21 June 1916.

Found guilty, Bhurtpore Barracks, of conduct to the prejudice of good order and Military discipline in that he omitted to put out a fire when ordered: awarded 7 days' confined to barracks.

Proceeded overseas to France, 22 May 1917; rejoined Bn, France, 10 June 1917.

Killed in action, 4 October 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal