The AIF Project

William STEWART

Regimental number993
Place of birthChicago, Illinois, USA
OccupationOrchadist
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation33.6
Height5' 5"
Weight118 lbs
Next of kinWife, Rosa J. Stewart, Auburn Avenue, Northcote, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil (previously rejected on account of teeth, 'since fixed up)
Enlistment date1 March 1916
Place of enlistmentHorsham, Victoria
Unit name38th Battalion, A Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/55/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A54 Runic on 20 June 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll59th Battalion
FateDied of wounds 14 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records35
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John and Sarah STEWART; Wife: Rosa STEWART, Horsham, Victoria
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Melbourne, 20 June 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 10 August 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 16 September 1916; taken on strength, 59th Bn, in the field, 8 October 1916.

Admitted to 8th Australian Field Ambulance, 16 November 1916 (influenza); transferred to 1st New Zealand Stationary Hospital, 17 November 1916; to Ambulance train, 21 November 1916, and admitted to 6th General Hospital, Rouen, 22 November 1916; transferred to No 2 Convalescent Depot, Etaples, 15 December 1916; discharged to Base Depot, 18 December 1916; rejoined unit from hospital, 1 January 1917.

On leave to United Kingdom, 11 September 1917; rejoined unit from leave, 25 September 1917.

Died of wounds received in action, 14 October 1917.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, STEWART William

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