The AIF Project

George Joseph Richard BROWN

Regimental number1145
Place of birthLondon, England
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationHorse breaker
Address83 Gadly Road, Aberdare, Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation32
Next of kinAunt, Nurse Sarah Ward, 83 Gadly Road, Aberdare, Wales
Previous military serviceServed for 2 years in the Cape Mounted Rifles; 2 years in the Legion of Frontiersmen.
Enlistment date25 May 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll24 May 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name28th Battalion, C Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/45/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from
Two ships sailed from Fremantle carrying men from the 28th Battalion Headquarters, and Companies A, B, C and D. From embarkation records it is not possible to distinguish exactly which ship each man sailed on. They are: 30 officers and 982 others embarked at Fremantle, Western Australia, on HMAT A11, 'Ascanius', on 29 June 1915 and 12 others embarked at Fremantle, Western Australia, on HMAT A36, 'Thirty-Six, on 12 July 1916.
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Fremantle, Western Australia, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 29 June 1915
Two ships sailed from Fremantle carrying men from the 28th Battalion Headquarters, and Companies A, B, C and D. From embarkation records it is not possible to distinguish exactly which ship each man sailed on. They are: 30 officers and 982 others embarked at Fremantle, Western Australia, on HMAT A11, 'Ascanius', on 29 June 1915 and 12 others embarked at Fremantle, Western Australia, on HMAT A36, 'Thirty-Six, on 12 July 1916.
Rank from Nominal RollLance Sergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll28th Battalion
Recommendations (Medals and Awards)

Military Medal


'During hostile shelling in a minor operation of night of 6/7th June, Cpl Brown had charge of a wire cutting gun which fired 9 rounds in the 8 minutes allowed for cutting. He had three misfires and was working with an understrength crew. This gun did very effective work in the enemy's wire.'

FateKilled in Action 4 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records36
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 23), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
112
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: George and Mary BROWN; husband of Alice BROWN, 129 Brighton Road, Surbiton, England. Native of Fulham, London, England
Medals

Military Medal


Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 62
Date: 19 April 1917

Other details

Attestation paper states place of birth as Concord, New Hampshire, USA.

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

Embarked from Alexandria with Bn for Gallipoli, 4 September 1915. Promoted Corporal, 14 September 1915. Wounded in action, 2 November 1915 (gun shot wound, face); admitted to No. 1 Auxiliary Hospital, Heliopolis, Egypt, 7 November 1915; transferred to Details, 11 December 1915; to Overseas Base, Ghezireh, 23 December 1915; returned to duty, 28th Bn, Tel el Kebir, 10 January 1916.

Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 16 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 21 March 1916. Promoted Lance Sergeant,28 March 1916.

Transferred to 2nd Division Trench Mortar Battery, April 1916. Wounded in action, 6 August 1916 (gun shot wound, thigh); admitted to 38th Casualty Clearing Station, 7 August 1916; transferred to England, 31 September 1916; discharged from 1st Auxiliary Hospital, 19 October 1916. Granted furlough, 21 October 1916. Awarded the Military Medal, 27 October 1916. Marched out to No. 4 Command Depot, Wareham, 13 November 1916. Proceeded overseas to France to reinforce artillery, 9 May 1917. Transferred to 28th Bn, 10 August 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 4 October 1917.

Medals: Military Medal, 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
Miscellaneous detailsIn next of kin's address on Embarkation Roll 'W.A.' has been mistakenly added.

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