The AIF Project

Herman Frederick BUSH

Regimental number398
Place of birthBallarat, Victoria
SchoolState School No 34, Ballarat, Victoria
Other trainingVadetha College, Ballarat, Victoria
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationInsurance inspector
AddressBallarat, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21
Next of kinMother, Mrs Louisa Mary Bush, 102 Seymour Street, Ballarat, Victoria
Previous military service19th Australian Light Horse; Served in the Light Horse, Citizen Military Forces.
Enlistment date17 January 1916
Rank on enlistmentLSGT
Unit name39th Battalion, B Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/56/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 27 May 1916
Rank from Nominal RollSergeant
Unit from Nominal Roll39th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 7 June 1917
Place of death or woundingMessines, Belgium
Age at death22.6
Age at death from cemetery records22
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 25), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
131
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Commemorated on Christ Church Anglican Cathedral Roll of Honour, Ballarat, Victoria. Parents: Mary and the late Frederick BUSH, 102 Leyman Street, Ballarat, Victoria
Family/military connectionsCousin: 3713 Corporal Clarence Moffett COX, 46th Bn, killed in action, Bullecourt, France, 11 April 1917.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, BUSH Herman Frederick

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