|Place of birth||Boort, Victoria|
|School||Mysia State School, Victoria|
|Age at embarkation||23|
|Next of kin||Father, Thomas Main Chalmers, Mysia, Victoria|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||38th Battalion, 2nd Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/55/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board RMS Orontes on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||38th Battalion|
|Recommendations (Medals and Awards)||
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||France|
|Age at death||25|
|Age at death from cemetery records||24|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 25), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Thomas and Elizabeth CHALMERS, Mysia, Victoria|
'On 4th October 1917, East of YPRES, he displayed conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in action. He worked with his Brother [1816 T.M. CHALMERS] throughout the whole of the Brigade Operations, acting as Stretcher Bearers. Both displayed great gallantry in carrying wounded and both continued their work without intermission for nearly fifty hours. Their devotion to duty was a fine example to all other stretcher bearers, whom they organised and supervised throughout. Stretcher-bearing under the conditions which prevailed was a most arduous task calling for bravery and perseverance beyond the ordinary.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 95
|Family/military connections||Brother: 1816 Pte Thomas Main CHALMERS MM, 38th Bn, returned to Australia, 15 April 1918.|
War service: Western FrontMedals: Military Medal, British War Medal, Victory Medal