The AIF Project

Vivian John Pitt GAMLIN

Regimental number3808
Place of birthNo. 5 Copseland, Bathwick Hill, Bath, England
SchoolDuke of Beaufort School, Badminton, England
Age on arrival in Australia18
ReligionChurch of England
AddressYandaran via Bundaberg, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation20.5
Height5' 7"
Weight128 lbs
Next of kinStep-Mother, Mrs Annie Gamlin, Yandaran via Bundaberg, Queensland
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date13 September 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll13 September 1915
Place of enlistmentBrisbane, Queensland
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name25th Battalion, 9th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/42/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT Wandilla on 31 January 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll25th Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour CircularHis grandfather, John Pitt, Colour Sergeant, 23rd Welch Fusiliers, served in Crimea, Turkey, Malta, India. Awarded the India Mutiny Medal with Lucknow Clasp. Invalided out, 1861. Drill Sergeant, 4th Hereford Volunteer Rifles, 1861-69. Died Bromyard, Herefordshire; bured Bromyard Cemetery with full military honours. Father tried for the British Army but his sight was not good enough.
FateKilled in Action 29 July 1916
Place of death or woundingPozieres, Somme Sector, France
Date of death29 July 1916
Age at death21
Age at death from cemetery records21
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsAustralian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France

Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.

The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.

On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.

After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Henry and Caroline GAMLIN
Other details

War service: Egypt, Western Front

Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 21 March 1916; disembarked Marseille, France, 27 March 1916.

Joined 25th Bn, in the field, 2 June 1916.

Reported missing, 29 July 1916.

Court of Enquiry, 25 July 1917, concluded: 'Killed in action, 29 July 1916.'

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, GAMLIN Vivian John Pitt
Red Cross File 1130813H

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