The AIF Project

Herbert Frederick Edward GARLAND

Regimental number1003
Place of birthYass, New South Wales
ReligionChurch of England
Address126 Shodforth Street, Mosman, New South Wales
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation27
Height5' 7.5"
Weight174 lbs
Next of kinBridget Garland, 126 Shodforth Street, Mosman, New South Wales
Previous military serviceServed in the 2nd Infantry in Yass and the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force in New Guinea
Enlistment date11 August 1914
Place of enlistmentLiverpool, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit nameNaval and Military Expeditionary Force (Tropical Unit), D Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/112/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A35 Berrima on 19 August 1914
Miscellaneous details (Nominal Roll)Name does not appear on Nominal Roll
Date of death7 December 1915
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 7), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Served as Regimental Number 1003, listed as 2198 on cemetery details
Other details

Enlisted in the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force, 11 August 1914; Escorted prisoners from Rabaul to District Headquarters, 2nd Military District, 5 January 1915; discharged (time expired), 4 March 1915.

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Embarked 16 June 1915.

Taken on strength, 3rd Bn, Gallipoli, 30 July 1915.

Reported missing, Gallipoli, 7-12 August 1915.

Court of Inquiry held in the field, 5 June 1916, pronounced fate as 'killed in action, Gallipoli, 7-12 August 1915'.

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, GARLAND Herbert Frederick Edward

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