The AIF Project

John Gustaf GRAUBIN

Regimental number2175
Place of birthHelsingfors, Finland
OccupationFarm labourer
AddressLivingstone Road, North Melbourne, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation33
Height5' 4.75"
Weight140 lbs
Next of kinFather, Otto Graubin, 26 Fou Lane, Barchell, Helsingfors, Finland, Russia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date11 May 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name59th Battalion, 4th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/76/3
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A67 Orsova on 1 August 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll59th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 26 September 1917
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 29), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Melbourne, 1 August 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 14 September 1916. Admitted to Fargo Military Hospital, 20 September 1916; discharged, 1 October 1916; total period of treatment for venereal disease: 12 days. Found guilty, 9 October 1916, of being absent without leave from 2400, 9 October, to 2000, 11 October 1916: awarded 12 days' Field Punishment No. 2, forfeited 14 days' pay.

Proceeded overseas to France, 6 December 1916; taken on strength, 59th Bn, 29 December 1916.

Reported missing in action, 26 September 1917. Court of Enquiry, 22 March 1918, confirmed fate as killed in action.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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