The AIF Project

Frederick Thomas GRAY

Regimental number6254
Place of birthHackney, South Australia
SchoolFlinders Street Public School, Adelaide, South Australia
OccupationTurner and fitter
AddressProspect, South Australia
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation32
Height5' 6.5"
Weight141 lbs
Next of kinWife, Mrs L A Gray, Dudley Avenue, Prospect, South Australia
Previous military servicePreviously served in the AIF: discharged as medically unfit.; Nil
Enlistment date14 April 1916
Place of enlistmentAdelaide, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Battalion, 20th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/27/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A68 Anchises on 28 August 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 21 September 1917
Place of death or woundingPolygon Wood, Belgium
Age at death35
Age at death from cemetery records35
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Ebenezer and Ellen GRAY; husband of Lilian GRAY, 40 Avenue Road, Ovingham, South Australia
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Adelaide, 28 August 1916; disembarked Plymouth, England, 11 October 1916. Promoted Acting Corporal, 3rd Training Bn, 12 October 1916.

Proceeded overseas to France, 17 December 1916; taken on strength, 10th Bn, 25 December 1916.

Wounded in action, 6 May 1917 (shrapnel wound, neck, finger, hand); admitted to 5th Field Ambulance, 7 May 1917, and transferred to 3rd Casualty Clearing Station same day; to 2nd Canadian General Hospital, Treport, 8 May 1917; to 3rd Convalescent Depot, 29 May 1917; to 1st Australian Division Base Depot, 6 June 1917; rejoined unit, 24 June 1917.

Missing in action, Belgium, 21 September 1917; subsequently confirmed killed in action. Buried, 22 September 1917, near Chateau Wood.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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