The AIF Project


Regimental number5331
Place of birthUnley, South Australia
SchoolVictor Harbor Public School, South Australia
OccupationPoultry farmer
AddressVictor Harbor, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation21
Height5' 8.5"
Weight150 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs A Holliday, Warringa, Victor Harbor, South Australia
Previous military serviceServed for 2.5 years in Citizen Military Forces; still serving at time of AIF enlistment.
Enlistment date24 January 1916
Place of enlistmentAdelaide, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Battalion, 17th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/27/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 11 April 1916
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 1 October 1917
Place of death or woundingZonnebeke, Belgium
Age at death from cemetery records22
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: James and ADELIZA HOLLIDAY, 49 Augusta Street, Glenelg, South Australia. Native of Victor Harbor, South Australia
Other details

War service: Western Front

[First page of Form B103 appears to be missing.]

Transferred to 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Harefield, from Connaught Hospital (suffering laryngitis and bronchitis), 26 October 1916; discharged on furlough, 26 October 1916, to report to No 1 Command Depot, Perham Downs, 10 November 1916.

Marched in to 3rd Training Bn, 15 January 1917.

Proceeded overseas to France, 16 July 1917; joined 10th Bn, in the field, 5 August 1917.

Killed in action, Belgium, 1 October 1917.

Buried, 3 October 1917 (site reference J. Sheet 28 NE.

Grave subsequently lost.

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, HOLLIDAY William

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