The AIF Project

Raphael Leo KENIHAN

Date of birth23 October 1890
Place of birthReynella, South Australia
SchoolChristian Brothers College, Adelaide, South Australia
ReligionRoman Catholic
OccupationMedical practitioner
AddressAdelaide, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation25.8
Height5' 9"
Weight146 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs E Kenihan, 'The Braes', Reynella, South Australia
Previous military serviceServed for 3 years in the Senior Cadets.
Enlistment date30 June 1916
Rank on enlistmentCaptain
Unit nameMedical Officers
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A48 Seang Bee on 13 July 1916
Rank from Nominal RollCaptain
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Australian General Hospital


Unit: Medical Officer, 44th Bn
Promotion date: 30 June 1916

FateReturned to Australia 24 July 1919

Military Cross

'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He established the most forward regimental aid post in his division, where he attended to the wounded, and compelled to shift his post twice by hostile shell fire, he continued to attend all his cases with the greatest care and devotion, saving many lives by remaining in his forward position, and setting a magnificent example.'
Source: 'Commonwealth Gazette' No. 219
Date: 20 December 1917

Discharge date13 November 1919
Other details

War service: Western Front

Found to be suffering from delusions, and to be of unsound mind, 25 July 1916.

Wounded in action, 8 June 1917; remained at duty.

Wounded in action (gas shell), 21 October 1917, and admitted to 3rd Australian Field Ambulance; transferred to 3rd Canadian Casualty Clearing Station; to No 2 Stationary Hospital, abbeville, 22 October 1917; to 8th General hospital, Abbeville, 13 November 1917; discharged to Base Depot, Rouelles, 2 December 1917.

Taken on strength, 1st Australian General Hospital, Rouen, 4 December 1917.

Awarded Military Cross, 20 December 1917.

Granted leave with pay and allowances, 3 March-3 June 1919 (Non Military Employment).

Commenced return to Australia on board HT 'Bakara', 24 July 1919; appointment terminated (discharged: 'cessation of hostilities'), Adelaide, 13 November 1919.

Medals: Military Cross, British War Medal, Victory Medal

Also served in World War II: Service No SX13402.
Date of death20 October 1964
Age at death74
Place of burialCentennial Park Cemetery, Adelaide, South Australia
SourcesNAA: B2455, KENIHAN Raphael Leo

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