The AIF Project

Roy Rutherford KNEALE

Regimental number5456
Place of birthInkerman, South Australia
SchoolPublic School, Inkerman, South Australia
AddressCottonville, South Australia
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation24
Height6' 1.5"
Weight152 lbs
Next of kinMother, Mrs Helen Kneale, Angas Road, Cottonville, South Australia
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date1 February 1916
Place of enlistmentAdelaide, South Australia
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name10th Battalion, 17th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/27/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A60 Aeneas on 11 April 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 9 October 1917
Place of death or wounding'Have never been notified' (Ada Treloar, cousin)
Age at death from cemetery records26
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Henry and Helen KNEALE, Angas Road, Cottonville, South Australia. Native of Inkerman, Port Wakefield, South Australia
Family/military connectionsBrother: 5457 Pte William John KNEALE, 10th Bn, returned to Australia, 10 September 1917; Cousins: 2414 Pte George Arthur FRASER, 48th Bn, died whilst a prisoner of war, 1 May 1917; 3714 Pte James Little HARPER, 52nd Bn, killed in action, 4 September 1916; 3715 Pte Robert Elmslie HARPER, 52nd Bn, killed in action, 4 September 1916.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
SourcesNAA: B2455, KNEALE Roy Rutherford

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