|Place of birth||Mount Lofty, South Australia|
|School||Stirling West Public School, South Australia|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Address||Glen Osmond PO, South Australia|
|Age at embarkation||29|
|Next of kin||Mother, Mrs Eliza Jane Lancaster, Glen Osmond PO, South Australia|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Place of enlistment||Adelaide, South Australia|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||43rd Battalion, 6th Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||23/60/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Adelaide, South Australia, on board HMAT A35 Berrima on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||43rd Battalion|
|Other details from Roll of Honour Circular||Only being in firing line 2 days, was killed in action at Messines July 1917.|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Messines, Belgium|
|Age at death||30|
|Age at death from cemetery records||30|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: James and Eliza LANCASTER, Glen Osmond, South Australia|
Found guilty, Exhibition Camp, Adelaide, 19 May 1916, of drunkenness and being absent without leave from 11 pm, 17 May, to 11.50, 19 May 1916: fined £1 and forfeited 2 days' pay.
Remanded for District Court Martial, Mitcham Camp, South Australia, for being absent without leave for 77 day: forfeited 77 days' pay (no further details recorded).
War service: Western Front
Embarked Adelaide, 16 December 1916; disembarked Devonport, England, 16 February 1917.
Marched into 2nd Training Bn, 19 February 1917.
Found guilty, 27 February 1917, of being absent without leave from 9.30 pm, 24 February, to 9.45 am, 25 February 1917: awarded 2 days' Field Punishment No 2, and forfeiture of a total of 5 days' pay.
Marched into 11th Training Bn, 5 March 1917.
Admitted to Fargo Military Hospital, 8 April 1917 (sprain of leg); discharged to Depot, 14 April 1917.
Found guilty, Durrington, 18 April 1917, of breaking out of camp: awarded 7 days' Field Punishment No 2.
Found guilty, 19 May 1917, of (1) neglecting to obey Routine Order 11/8/16, para 5, 'Bounds'; (2) resisting arrest on 17 May 1917: awarded 28 days' detention. Marched out to Detention Barracks, Chelmsford, 21 May 1917.
Found guilty, 18 June 1917, of (1) neglecting to obey Routine Order 11/8/17 'Bounds'; (2) being improperly dressed: awarded 7 days' Field Punishment No 2.
Proceeded overseas to France, 9 July 1917; taken on strength, 43rd Bn, in the field, 27 July 1917.
Reported wounded and missing in action, 31 July 1917.
In reply to an enquiry from the Defence Department, Melbourne, AIF Headquarters, London, replied: 'There is no reason why this soldier should not be shewn DECEASED.'
Fate determined as killed in action, Belgium, 31 July 1917.Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, LANCASTER Hartley Edgar|