The AIF Project

James LAWRENCE

Regimental number2695
Place of birthManchester, England
SchoolHardwick Public School, Manchester, England
Age on arrival in Australia21
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationMoulder
Address52 Station Street, Newtown, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation32
Next of kinMother, Mrs Mary A Lawrence, 52 Station Street, Newtown, New South Wales
Previous military serviceSergeant in Lancashire Forces.
Enlistment date26 April 1916
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll18 April 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name53rd Battalion, 6th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/70/4
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A40 Ceramic on 7 October 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll53rd Battalion
FateKilled in Action 27 September 1917
Place of death or woundingYpres, Belgium
Age at death27
Age at death from cemetery records27
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 29), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
157
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Edward and Mary LAWRENCE, 106 Wilson Street, Newtown, New South Wales. Native of Manchester, England
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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