The AIF Project

Lachlan Archibald Robert NICOLSON

Regimental number1206
Place of birthMaytown via Cooktown, Queensland
SchoolBowen State School, Queensland
ReligionPresbyterian
OccupationFitter's assistant
AddressBowen, Queensland
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation18
Next of kinBrother, Angus Desalus Nicolson, Argyle Park, Bowen, Queensland
Previous military service25th Australian Light Horse; Served in the Citizen Military Forces.
Enlistment date10 January 1916
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name42nd Battalion, B Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/59/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A30 Borda on 5 June 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll42nd Battalion
FateKilled in Action 12 October 1917
Age at death from cemetery records20
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 27), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
135
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: John and Annie Clark NICOLSON. Native of Maytown, Queensland
Family/military connectionsBrother: 1732A Donald Cameron NICOLSON, 47th Bn, killed in action, 11 April 1917.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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