The AIF Project

Joseph Phineas STONE

Regimental number4537
Place of birthEssex, England
SchoolPublic School, England
Age on arrival in Australia27
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationLabourer
Address22 Myrtle Street, Leichhardt, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation29
Next of kinFather, J P Stone, 22 Myrtle Street, Leichhardt, New South Wales
Enlistment date3 December 1915
Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll31 December 1915
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name17th Battalion, 11th Reinforcement
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/34/2
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A71 Nestor on 9 April 1916
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll17th Battalion
FateKilled in Action 20 September 1917
Place of death or woundingPolygon Wood, Ypres, Belgium
Age at death31
Age at death from cemetery records31
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 17), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
84
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: Joseph P. and Caroline M. STONE, 95 Elswick Street, Leichhardt, Sydney, New South Wales. Native of Canning Town, London, England
Family/military connectionsBrother: 4536 Pte Charles STONE, 17th Bn, died of wounds, 5 November 1918. Brother to Pte Charles Stone No. 4536 17th Battalion who died of wounds and broncho-pneumonia in France 2 November 1918.
Other details

War service: Western Front

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal

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