The AIF Project

Rainald Knightly BURNE

Regimental number129
Place of birthBallarat, Victoria
SchoolHome tuition (by his father, 'a Cambridge man')
ReligionChurch of England
OccupationTram driver
Address150 Victoria Street, Marrickville, Sydney, New South Wales
Marital statusMarried
Age at embarkation36
Next of kinMrs Florence Burne, 150 Victoria Road, Marrickville, New South Wales
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date24 August 1914
Place of enlistmentRandwick, New South Wales
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit name1st Battalion, A Company
AWM Embarkation Roll number23/18/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board Transport A19 Afric on 18 October 1914
Rank from Nominal RollPrivate
Unit from Nominal Roll1st Battalion
Other details from Roll of Honour Circular

He came from a very old English military family, his grandmother, Mrs Henry Thomas Burne, tracing her descent directly from Alfred the Great and thereon from the Plantagenets, being 17th in a direct line from Edward I. This pedigree was examined by the Garter King at Arms in 1865 (Sir Albert Woods), who pronounced it 'very correct, unique and remarkable'. His uncle, Major General Sir Owen Burne, was Military Secretary to Field Marshal Sir Hugh Rose (Lord Strathnairn), and later Private Secretary to Lord Mayo and Lord Lytton (Viceroy of India).

FateKilled in Action 25-29 April 1915
Place of death or woundingGallipoli, Turkey
Date of death25 April 1915
Age at death38
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Lone Pine Memorial (Panel 13), Gallipoli, Turkey

The Lone Pine Memorial, situated in the Lone Pine Cemetery at Anzac, is the main Australian Memorial on Gallipoli, and one of four memorials to men of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Designed by Sir John Burnet, the principal architect of the Gallipoli cemeteries, it is a thick tapering pylon 14.3 metres high on a square base 12.98 metres wide. It is constructed from limestone mined at Ilgardere in Turkey.

The Memorial commemorates the 3268 Australians and 456 New Zealanders who have no known grave and the 960 Australians and 252 New Zealanders who were buried at sea after evacuation through wounds or disease. The names of New Zealanders commemorated are inscribed on stone panels mounted on the south and north sides of the pylon, while those of the Australians are listed on a long wall of panels in front of the pylon and to either side. Names are arranged by unit and rank.

The Memorial stands over the centre of the Turkish trenches and tunnels which were the scene of heavy fighting during the August offensive. Most cemeteries on Gallipoli contain relatively few marked graves, and the majority of Australians killed on Gallipoli are commemorated here.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
28
Other details

War service: Egypt, Gallipoli

Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal

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