The AIF Project

Alexander Reid ADAM

Regimental number7
Date of birth1888
Place of birthBrunswick, Victoria
Place of birthMelbourne, Victoria
AddressJeeralang via Morwell, Victoria
Marital statusSingle
Age at embarkation27
Height5' 10.75"
Weight158 lbs
Next of kinBrother, A T Adam, Jeeralang via Morwell, Victoria
Previous military serviceNil
Enlistment date3 March 1916
Place of enlistmentSale, Victoria
Rank on enlistmentPrivate
Unit nameMachine Gun Company 10
AWM Embarkation Roll number24/15/1
Embarkation detailsUnit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A11 Ascanius on 27 May 1916
Rank from Nominal RollCorporal
Unit from Nominal Roll10th Machine Gun Company
FateKilled in Action 7 June 1917
Date of death7 May 1917
Age at death from cemetery records28
Place of burialNo known grave
Commemoration detailsThe Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 31), Belgium

The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.

The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.

The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.

Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.

Panel number, Roll of Honour,
  Australian War Memorial
Miscellaneous information from
  cemetery records
Parents: James Philip and Rachel ADAM. Native of Jeeralang, Victoria
Other details

War service: Western Front

Embarked Melbourne, 27 May 1916; disembarked Devonport, England, 18 July 1916.

Embarked Southampton to join the British Expeditionary Force, France, 22 November 1916.

Appointed corporal, 8 January 1917.

Proceeded to Machine Gun School, Camiers, 28 April 1917; rejoined unit in the field, 5 May 1917.

Killed in action, Messines Ridge, 7 June 1917; buried in front line trench, 150 yds east of Messines Road (grid reference U.8.D).

Director of Graves noted, 26 May 1919, 'Buried 40 yards E of Ploegsteert-Messines Road, between road and Seaforth Farm, 30 yds behind frontline, 3/4 mile S of Messines.'

Medals: British War Medal, Victory Medal
Date of death7 June 1917
SourcesNAA: B2455, ADAM Alexander Reid

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