|Place of birth||Auckland, New Zealand|
|School||Public School, New Zealand|
|Age on arrival in Australia||19|
|Address||Waitoa, Te Aroha, Auckland, New Zealand|
|Age at embarkation||25|
|Next of kin||Sister, Mrs K Armstrong, Waitoa, Te Aroha, Auckland, New Zealand|
|Previous military service||Served in the School Cadets.|
|Place of enlistment||Liverpool, New South Wales|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||18th Battalion, Army Medical Corps Attached|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A40 Ceramic on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Sergeant|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||5th Machine Gun Company|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Age at death||24|
|Age at death from cemetery records||24|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||The Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial (Panel 31), Belgium
The Menin Gate Memorial (so named because the road led to the town of Menin) was constructed on the site of a gateway in the eastern walls of the old Flemish town of Ypres, Belgium, where hundreds of thousands of allied troops passed on their way to the front, the Ypres salient, the site from April 1915 to the end of the war of some of the fiercest fighting of the war.
The Memorial was conceived as a monument to the 350,000 men of the British Empire who fought in the campaign. Inside the arch, on tablets of Portland stone, are inscribed the names of 56,000 men, including 6,178 Australians, who served in the Ypres campaign and who have no known grave.
The opening of the Menin Gate Memorial on 24 July 1927 so moved the Australian artist Will Longstaff that he painted 'The Menin Gate at Midnight', which portrays a ghostly army of the dead marching past the Menin Gate. The painting now hangs in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, at the entrance of which are two medieval stone lions presented to the Memorial by the City of Ypres in 1936.
Since the 1930s, with the brief interval of the German occupation in the Second World War, the City of Ypres has conducted a ceremony at the Memorial at dusk each evening to commemorate those who died in the Ypres campaign.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Walter and Margaret ARMSTRONG. Native of Auckland, New Zealand|
War service: Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front
Proceeded to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, Gallipoli, 16 August 1915. Reported missing, 5 September 1915; subsequently reported as alive. Admitted to 5th Field Ambulance, 28 October 1915; transferred to hospital ship, 29 October 1915 (jaundice); to St Patrick's Hospital, Malta, 2 November 1915; discharged to active service, 20 December 1915, and embarked for Egypt. Taken on strength, Overseas Base, Ghezireh, Egypt, 27 December 1915; rejoined 18th Bn, 5 February 1916. Transferred to 5th Machine Gun Company, 8 March 1916.
Proceeded from Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 17 March 1916; disembarked Marseilles, 23 March 1916.
Appointed Lance Corporal, 16 April 1917; Temporary Corporal, 8 May 1917; reverted to Lance Corporal, 11 June 1917; Temporary Corporal, 3 July 1917; Corporal, 12 July 1917; Sergeant, 20 September 1917.
Killed in action, Belgium, 9 October 1917.Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal