|Place of birth||Fern Tree Gully, Victoria|
|School||State School, Victoria|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Address||Notting Hill near Oakleigh, Victoria|
|Age at embarkation||27|
|Next of kin||Father, Alfred Adams, Notting Hill near Oakleigh, Victoria|
|Previous military service||Nil|
|Date of enlistment from Nominal Roll|
|Rank on enlistment||Private|
|Unit name||13th Light Horse Regiment, 2nd Reinforcement|
|AWM Embarkation Roll number||10/18/2|
|Embarkation details||Unit embarked from Melbourne, Victoria, on board HMAT A57 Malakuta on
|Rank from Nominal Roll||Private|
|Unit from Nominal Roll||1st Light Horse Regiment|
|Fate||Killed in Action
|Place of death or wounding||Bapaume, Somme Sector, France|
|Age at death||31|
|Age at death from cemetery records||29|
|Place of burial||No known grave|
|Commemoration details||Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux, France
Villers-Bretonneux is a village about 15 km east of Amiens. The Memorial stands on the high ground ('Hill 104') behind the Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, Fouilloy, which is about 2 km north of Villers-Bretonneux on the east side of the road to Fouilloy.
The Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux is approached through the Military Cemetery, at the end of which is an open grass lawn which leads into a three-sided court. The two pavilions on the left and right are linked by the north and south walls to the back (east) wall, from which rises the focal point of the Memorial, a 105 foot tall tower, of fine ashlar. A staircase leads to an observation platform, 64 feet above the ground, from which further staircases lead to an observation room. This room contains a circular stone tablet with bronze pointers indicating the Somme villages whose names have become synonymous with battles of the Great War; other battle fields in France and Belgium in which Australians fought; and far beyond, Gallipoli and Canberra.
On the three walls, which are faced with Portland stone, are the names of 10,885 Australians who were killed in France and who have no known grave. The 'blocking course' above them bears the names of the Australian Battle Honours.
After the war an appeal in Australia raised £22,700, of which £12,500 came from Victorian school children, with the request that the majority of the funds be used to build a new school in Villers-Bretonneux. The boys' school opened in May 1927, and contains an inscription stating that the school was the gift of Victorian schoolchildren, twelve hundred of whose fathers are buried in the Villers-Bretonneux cemetery, with the names of many more recorded on the Memorial. Villers-Bretonneux is now twinned with Robinvale, Victoria, which has in its main square a memorial to the links between the two towns.
|Panel number, Roll of Honour,|
Australian War Memorial
|Miscellaneous information from|
|Parents: Alfred Thomas and Eliza ADAMS, Police Road, Springvale, Victoria|
|Family/military connections||Brothers: Pte 6767A James ADAMS, 23rd Bn, returned to Australia, 12 May 1918; Pte 6767 Arthur ADAMS, MM, 23rd Bn, returned to Australia, 21 December 1918.|
War service: Egypt, Western Front
Transferred to 1st Light Horse Training Regiment, Tel el Kebir, 17 April 1916.
Embarked Alexandria to join the British Expeditionary Force, 28 May 1916; disembarked England (no further details recorded).
Proceeded overseas to France, 29 August 1916; taken on strength, 1st Anzac Corps Light Horse Regiment, in the field, 15 September 1916.
Attached for traffic duty to 1st Australian Division Headquarters, 21 September 1916; ceased to be attached, and rejoined unit, 19 December 1916.
Reported missing in Action, 25-26 March 1917.
Court of Enquiry, held in the field, 4 December 1917, pronounced fate as 'Killed in Action, 25-26 March 1917'.
Statement, Red Cross File No 0020306B, 345 Pte G.S.T. STANLEY, 4th Light Horse Regiment, 8 September 1917: 'I knew Troopers  Geo. Alexander and Fred Adams. I saw them both in the Bapaume Town Hall on the day it was blown up, about 7 p.m.; they were billeted there. It was blown up about mid-night. Troopers Joe Lloyd, and Patterson, in the same unit as these boys were dug out of the debris about 12 hours after, along with a mate. A number of bodies were recovered, but so mutilated that they were unrecognisable. There were about 30 [?: illegible] men, and some Officers sleeping in the building the same night. Two Officers were dug out alive. Lloyd and Patterson told me that they saw both of these boys about 9 p.m. before going to bunk.'
Second statement, 1318 Pte C.A. BOAKES, 1st Anzac Light Horse Regiment, 18 October 1917: 'I was with Casualty on the 24th March, 1917 at Bapaume when the town Hall was mined. We were sitting there. Casualty was destroyed. I got out alive. The majority were killed. The bodies were searched for. Several were found. Adams' body was missing. Casualty was about 3 or 4 yards away from me at the time.'
Third statement, 1021 Trooper J. LLOYD, 15th Light Horse Regiment, 21 September 1917: 'I saw him in the Bapaume Town Hall on the night of March 26th, 1917. I helped him to make his bed and we turned in about 9.30 p.m. I was sleeping in a different cellar to him. About 12 p.m. a mine exploded in the building which was entirely wrecked; the cellar I was in being the only part to escape the explosion. I was dug out about 5 p.m. the following day. No trace of Adams was found.'Medals: 1914-15 Star, British War Medal, Victory Medal
|Sources||NAA: B2455, ADAMS Frederick James
Red Cross File No 0020306B